|From the BPC Historical Collection
In the year 1787, George Washington was President of the newly formed Government of the
United States of America. The Capitol was located in New York City. The vast area west of the
Appalachian Mountains to the Mississippi River was acquired from Great Britain by the Treaty of
Paris in 1783. This area was bordered on the north by Canada and on the south by the Ohio River
and encompassed the present day states of Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois and Wisconsin.
The Government of Great Britain had claimed this territory by "Right of Conquest" over France. By
the signing of numerous treaties the Indians living there had given up most of their rights to this
land. The British had forbidden white settlement in the Ohio Country to appease the Indians living
there. At the end of the American Revolution, the United States now claimed this territory by “Right
of Conquest” over Great Britain and with the creation of the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 opened it
up for white settlement against the protests of the Indians who still considered it their land.
The first permanent American settlement northwest of the Ohio River was Marietta in the year
1788 and soon after more and more pioneers flooded into the country. It was not an easy life for
these early pioneers. They had to deal with hostile Indians, disease, starvation and the lack of
basic necessities, but they made it and the State of Ohio was admitted into the union in 1803.
This book chronicles the events from the earliest explorations of the territory, the purchase of
lands by The Ohio Company, the early settlements and the trying times of the early pioneers who
settled and tamed this original Northwest Territory.
|Memoirs of the Early Settlers of Ohio
In 1852 Mr. Hildreth wrote a follow up book to Pioneer
History which gives us a look at the individual lives and
the trials and tribulations of the people who settled in the
Northwest Territory expansion of the United States.
For more information, click on the book's cover.
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